Forging is a way to work with metal that involves moving, shaping, deforming, and compressing it to get the shape, configuration, or look shown on a metal processing design or diagram. Depending on the type of metal and what the design calls for, the forging process can be done either by heating or cooling the metal. The two most useful forging processes are – ring rolled forging and alloy steel forging. By reading this article, you will know the difference between them.
What is Ring Rolled Forging
Rolled ring forging is a way to work with metal that involves making a doughnut shape by punching a hole in a thick, solid, round piece of metal and then squeezing and pressing the doughnut shape into a thin ring. Using the rolled ring forging method, metal rings of different sizes that don’t have any seams are made. These rings are used as parts of machines, turbines, pipes, and pressure vessels. Rolled ring forging changes the material’s mechanical properties significantly, but it lets the material keep its grain structure.
The rolled ring forging process makes pieces that are denser and have more even grain flows.
The Process of Ring Rolled Forging
People like the ring rolled forging process because it saves money on materials, can be used in many ways, and makes high-quality products. It makes two feet tall flat washers and cylinders with an outside diameter of a few feet and weighs more than six tonnes. Also, the grain structure of the metal being worked on stays the same because the metal doesn’t melt.
Rolled ring forging is a great way to shape metal because there is no waste, and the sizes can be changed. The process can be used to shape any metal, such as stainless steel, aluminium, nickel alloys, and all kinds of steel.
The most typical method of forging a rolled ring is seamless, making rolled rings more durable and resistant to wear than welded or torch-cut rings.
What is Alloy Steel Forging?
Alloy steel is one of the most common materials used in alloy steel forging. To enhance its mechanical properties, alloy steel is mixed with different elements in amounts between 1% and 50% by weight. Alloy steels include a wide range of iron-based metals with more chromium but not more than 3.99%. The types of metals that have more chromium in them are either tool steels or stainless steels. Alloy steels have different properties because of the other elements that make up the alloy.
Why Alloy Steel Forging?
- Alloy steel is steel with small amounts of manganese, nickel, copper, silicon, titanium, aluminium, and chromium, among other elements, added to it. This gives forgings properties you can’t get with standard carbon steel forging.
- Alloy steels are often used in steel forging because they are cheap, easy to work with, and have good mechanical effects. Most of the time, mechanical treatments and heat work better on alloy than carbon steels.
- Good heat treatment quality: alloy steel forgings have good heat treatment quality so it can meet different applications requirements
- Good corrosion resistance: alloy steel forgings have good corrosion resistance
- High performance: the alloy steel forging has good strength and durability properties. It can be used in high-speed machines with high pressure or high wear rate
Forging is a way to work with metal that involves moving, shaping, deforming, and compressing it to get the shape, configuration, or look shown on a metal processing design or diagram. Even though forging is an old method, it is still essential to making most things out of metal.